Of the 62 mass murders (at least four victims) committed in the United States since 1982, only one was committed by a woman. Criminologists use three categories of mass murders:
- "Family annihilators," when a killer turns on members of his own family.
- "Hit and run" killers, who carry out the crimes and then try to escape and elude capture.
- And the type we are most familiar with, "pseudocommandos," "a category that would seem to include James Holmes, the suspected shooter in the July movie theater massacre in Aurora, Colo., and Seung-Hui Cho, who in 2007 killed 32 people during a rampage at Virginia Tech."
Taking into account that most physical violence is male-driven, it's clear that "the transition from boy to man is a risky endeavor," says Erika Christakis at TIME, "and there can be a lot of collateral damage." So what's to be done? Charles and Kennedy-Kollar note that "the positive presence of a father in the life of a son constructing his hegemonic masculinity identity is a key means of preventing the emotional problems that trigger male violence." [Italics original]
As I have said, discussion about America's "gun culture" is inherently flawed because if it focuses on the guns and ignores the culture.